Notes posted to Ruby on Rails

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February 10, 2012 - (>= v3.1.0)
0 thanks

:defaults no longer work

I’m afraid that :defaults option doesn’t work anymore.

<%= javascript_include_tag :defaults %>

it loads “defaults.js”

Instead, to load all .js files now use

<%= javascript_include_tag "application" %>
February 9, 2012 - (<= v3.1.0)
1 thank

:only, :except and passing in multiple parameters

To specify that the filter should be applied to or excluded from given controller actions, use the :only and :except parameters. To pass in multiple controller actions use an array:

after_filter :authorize, :except => [:index, :show]
after_filter :authorize, :only => :delete

Stolen from: http://apidock.com/rails/ActionController/Filters/ClassMethods/before_filter

February 9, 2012 - (v2.3.2 - v3.1.0)
0 thanks


This is inverse operation of select. If block return false add item to array.

[1,2,3,4].reject {|n| n%2==0}

> [1, 3]

Like select method with inverse.

January 31, 2012 - (v3.0.0 - v3.1.0)
0 thanks

undocumented events/symbol/types

@nessur is right: drop the “before_” and “after_” prefixes and you have the possible values for the uninformatively named `symbol` param: create, save, update and validate.

So to remove all validations for a model do: `reset_callbacks :validate`

January 31, 2012
2 thanks

To use with factory_girl and prevent leaking file handles

As insane-dreamer noted, to use with factory_girl:

Factory :video_file do
  file { fixture_file_upload 'test.png', 'image/png' }

However, I ran into an issue where one of our spec’s was creating a few hundred files and would then crash with:

Errno::EMFILE: Too many open files

If you look at the source code for fixture_file_upload, it creates a new file. I don’t know if these files were being leaked, or just not getting garbage collected, but they never got closed. Eventually they just piled up and the process hit the max open file limit.

So, you need to explicitly call close on the file handle returned from fixture_file_upload. However, you can’t call close in the block immediately after fixture_file_upload because the factory needs to be able to read from the stream in order to properly initialize ‘file’.

Instead what I had to do was perform the close on the ‘proxy’ in an after_create block, like so

Factory :video_file do
  file { fixture_file_upload 'test.png', 'image/png' }

  after_create do |video, proxy|
January 30, 2012
2 thanks

Requires a Block.

Just a little heads up here because it’s not obvious.

This requires a block to be passed to it.

Example Usage

say_with_time "Reverting all service rates to nil." do
  Service.update_all( :rate, nil )

# Output
-- Reverting all service rates to nil.
   -> 0.3451s
   -> 2233 rows
January 27, 2012
0 thanks

Example Usage

End of Day for Any Date

DateTime.new( 2011, 01, 01 )
# => Sat, 01 Jan 2011 00:00:00 +0000

DateTime.new( 2011, 01, 01 ).end_of_day
# => Sat, 01 Jan 2011 23:59:59 +0000

With Local Timezone

DateTime.civil_from_format( :local, 2011, 01, 01 ).end_of_day
# => Sat, 01 Jan 2011 23:59:59 -0700
January 20, 2012 - (>= v3.0.0)
0 thanks

Stubs Logger in rspec

Let we have a module like below:

module MyModule
  class << self
    def logger
      @logger ||= Logger.new(File.join(Rails.root, "log", "my_gem_#{Rails.env}.log"))

To use this logger just type:

MyModule.logger.info "This is a log line"

To stub in tests use (for rspec):

require 'active_support/log_subscriber/test_helper'

RSpec.configure do |config|
   config.include ActiveSupport::LogSubscriber::TestHelper

   config.before do

Usefull in testing when you don’t like to log anything.

January 20, 2012
1 thank


Check if id column exists in users table

ActiveRecord::Base.connection.column_exists?(:users, :id)
January 19, 2012
1 thank

Pluralize with Text.


1 person or 3 people

Use a View Helper

pluralize( 1, 'person' )
# => 1 person

pluralize( 2, 'person' )
# => 2 people

# In practice.
pluralize( Person.count, 'person' )



January 19, 2012 - (v3.0.0 - v3.1.0)
0 thanks


I came across the following situation An article has a history of friendly url being that the foreign key that represents the value of the article’s id in the table is called Friend url_id then in that case:

Article.joins(“INNER JOIN friends ON articles.id = friends.url_id”).where(“friends.url like ? ”, url)

if the column url_id was renamed for artigo_id would be easier

Article.joins(:friend).where(“friends.url like ? ”, url)

January 16, 2012
0 thanks

form_for with :as routing

The following will not work if your post model is routed with the :as option:


Instead, use the helper with your custom name:

form_for(@post, :url => edit_renamedpost_path(@post))
January 16, 2012
1 thank

Model objects routed with :as

When providing a model object, url_for will not work if the model’s routes are named using the :as option. You can instead use the named helper methods (posts_path, post_path(:id), etc.).

January 10, 2012
0 thanks

with a params constant

If you want to have a params with the same value on all of the urls in this namespace, you can write this :

with a constant param :admin set to true

namespace :admin, :admin => true do
  resources :posts

all of the urls like /admin/post have a param :admin with the value true.

It works also with :

scope 'admin', :admin => true do

match 'administration', :admin => true => 'posts#index'

get 'administration', :admin => true


January 10, 2012
0 thanks

Set ids when using a collection of values (cont.)

Concerning greeneggs614’s post:

The following version would be a bit more intention revealing while providing the same output:

<% Car.each do |c| %>
  <%= check_box_tag "car_ids[]", c.id, :id => "car_ids_#{c.id}" %>
<% end %>
January 10, 2012
2 thanks

Will discard :select

Only does

SELECT model.id FROM models_table

regardless of select options

January 5, 2012 - (>= v3.0.9)
0 thanks

How to include a “Please select…” (default/prompt) in a grouped dropdown list.

The clue here is that you actually specify the prompt on the select element, and not in the option_groups_from_collection_for_select element.

<%= f.select :post_type_id,   option_groups_from_collection_for_select(@categories, :post_types, :name, :id, :name), :include_blank => "Please select..." %>

Hope this helps someone.

December 31, 2011 - (v3.1.0)
0 thanks


I would just use the path_to_image. I find that this is what works best. As it says above it can create problems.

Here is my code

Code example

def background_path(background)
  if background
    path_to_image background.file_name.normal
    path_to_image "background_preview.jpg"

def flavor_path(flavor)
  if flavor
    path_to_image flavor.file_name.normal

basic but gets the job done and it does not have problem with my pre built paths which are called image_path

December 17, 2011
2 thanks


[‘one’,‘two’,‘three’].to_sentence # => “one, two, and three”

December 12, 2011
2 thanks

Need to extend class when using this

I had to dig around to find this out - if you want to use memoize somewhere, like an ActiveRecord model, you need to add

extend ActiveSupport::Memoizable

to the class. This doesn’t seem to be explained anywhere (the only docs are 3 year old blog posts anyway).

December 8, 2011
1 thank

hidden field can be changed by JS

Plumba, it’s not that useless if you think about possibility to change a hidden field with JS

December 2, 2011 - (>= v3.0.0)
0 thanks

Difference in DateTimes ...

Mostly, the database date columns are DateTime instances. Whereas Rails adds several useful utility functions to DateTime (in activesupport), there is some confusing behavior. This is at least somewhat surprising.

Two subtract two DateTime instances, you should always “round” the returned value. Suppose:

d1 = DateTime.now d2 = d1 - 5.days.ago

then, d1 - d2 is a Rational, which tells you the difference between dates only after rounding. Thus, diff_in_days = (d1 - d2).round

December 1, 2011 - (>= v3.0.0)
1 thank

This method isn't deprecated

This method was moved to AbstractController::Callbacks, as stated on [1].

It took me a while to figure out ‘what should I use instead before_filter’. Hope this helps anyone that hits the same road I’m in.

November 29, 2011
0 thanks

index doesn't work

@ssoroka even I’m having same issue. how did you resolve it?

November 21, 2011
0 thanks

Custom configuration keys

It is nice to know, that you can store any custom configuration key in configure block… E.g.

YourApp::Application.configure do
   # ...
   config.my_custom_setting = "QWERTY1234"

Then you can just access it by calling

November 21, 2011 - (>= v3.1.0)
0 thanks

Rails 3.1 - Use request.url instead

As request.request_uri has been deprecated, use



November 16, 2011
0 thanks

Examples in a readable format :)

Here are the above examples in a somewhat more readable format:

# Assert a basic route: a controller with the default action (index) 
assert_routing/home’, :controller =>home’, :action =>index’
# Test a route generated with a specific controller, action, and parameter (id) 
assert_routing/entries/show/23’, :controller =>entries’, :action =>show’, :id => 23
# Assert a basic route (controller + default action), with an error message if it fails 
               { :controller =>store’, :action =>index’ }, 
               {},Route for store index not generated properly’
# Tests a route, providing a defaults hash 
               {:id =>9”, :item =>square”}, 
               {:controller =>controller”, :action =>action”}, 
               {:item =>square”}
# Tests a route with a HTTP method 
assert_routing({ :method =>put’, :path =>/product/321’ }, 
               { :controller =>product”, :action =>update”, :id =>321” })
November 15, 2011 - (v3.1.0)
0 thanks

Wrapping with select tag

I didn’t knew how to wrap the output with <select> tag. I didn’t want to use raw html, but the doc doesn’t mention another way.

So, here is what I tried and it’s working:

<%= f.select :entry, option_groups_from_collection_for_select(@categories, :entries, :name, :id, :name) %>

I hope this helps anyone. :-)