fail(*args) public

With no arguments, raises the exception in $! or raises a RuntimeError if $! is nil. With a single String argument, raises a RuntimeError with the string as a message. Otherwise, the first parameter should be the name of an Exception class (or an object that returns an Exception object when sent an exception message). The optional second parameter sets the message associated with the exception, and the third parameter is an array of callback information. Exceptions are caught by the rescue clause of begin…end blocks.

raise "Failed to create socket"
raise ArgumentError, "No parameters", caller

The cause of the generated exception is automatically set to the “current” exception ($!) if any. An alternative value, either an Exception object or nil, can be specified via the :cause argument.

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