kill(*args) public

Sends the given signal to the specified process id(s), or to the current process if pid is zero. signal may be an integer signal number or a POSIX signal name (either with or without a SIG prefix). If signal is negative (or starts with a minus sign), kills process groups instead of processes. Not all signals are available on all platforms.

pid = fork do
   Signal.trap("HUP") { puts "Ouch!"; exit }
   # ... do some work ...
# ...
Process.kill("HUP", pid)



If signal is an integer but wrong for signal, Errno::EINVAL or RangeError will be raised. Otherwise unless signal is a String or a Symbol, and a known signal name, ArgumentError will be raised.

Also, Errno::ESRCH or RangeError for invalid pid, Errno::EPERM when failed because of no privilege, will be raised. In these cases, signals may have been sent to preceding processes.

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August 11, 2009
2 thanks

Common signals

Some of the more commonly used signals:

1       HUP (hang up)
2       INT (interrupt)
3       QUIT (quit)
6       ABRT (abort)
9       KILL (non-catchable, non-ignorable kill)
14      ALRM (alarm clock)
15      TERM (software termination signal)
December 29, 2011
0 thanks

Use kill 0 to find out if process is running


#!/usr/bin/env ruby

pid = ARGV[0].to_i

  Process.kill(0, pid)
  puts "#{pid} is running"
rescue Errno::EPERM                     # changed uid
  puts "No permission to query #{pid}!";
rescue Errno::ESRCH
  puts "#{pid} is NOT running.";      # or zombied
  puts "Unable to determine status for #{pid} : #{$!}"

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