find_each(start: nil, finish: nil, batch_size: 1000, error_on_ignore: nil, order: :asc) public

Looping through a collection of records from the database (using the Scoping::Named::ClassMethods.all method, for example) is very inefficient since it will try to instantiate all the objects at once.

In that case, batch processing methods allow you to work with the records in batches, thereby greatly reducing memory consumption.

The #find_each method uses #find_in_batches with a batch size of 1000 (or as specified by the :batch_size option).

Person.find_each do |person|

Person.where("age > 21").find_each do |person|

If you do not provide a block to #find_each, it will return an Enumerator for chaining with other methods:

Person.find_each.with_index do |person, index|
  person.award_trophy(index + 1)


  • :batch_size - Specifies the size of the batch. Defaults to 1000.

  • :start - Specifies the primary key value to start from, inclusive of the value.

  • :finish - Specifies the primary key value to end at, inclusive of the value.

  • :error_on_ignore - Overrides the application config to specify if an error should be raised when an order is present in the relation.

  • :order - Specifies the primary key order (can be :asc or :desc). Defaults to :asc.

Limits are honored, and if present there is no requirement for the batch size: it can be less than, equal to, or greater than the limit.

The options start and finish are especially useful if you want multiple workers dealing with the same processing queue. You can make worker 1 handle all the records between id 1 and 9999 and worker 2 handle from 10000 and beyond by setting the :start and :finish option on each worker.

# In worker 1, let's process until 9999 records.
Person.find_each(finish: 9_999) do |person|

# In worker 2, let's process from record 10_000 and onwards.
Person.find_each(start: 10_000) do |person|

NOTE: Order can be ascending (:asc) or descending (:desc). It is automatically set to ascending on the primary key (“id ASC”). This also means that this method only works when the primary key is orderable (e.g. an integer or string).

NOTE: By its nature, batch processing is subject to race conditions if other processes are modifying the database.

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