Recent notes

RSS feed
June 28, 2017
0 thanks

How to use Textacular Gem to search data in your Rails Application

We might have heard about a lot many gems which let us implement search functionality in our rails application; for example: searchkick, elasticsearch-rails, ransack and finally, sunspot to work with solr search engine. All these gems have their own advantages. Both searchkick and elasticsearch use redis to search the data as well as need to perform a ‘reindex’ while inserting new data. In one of my recent projects, I happened to use a gem called as Textacular. It’s simple and very easy to use. Textacular Gem:

It is a gem that provides full text search capabilities for PostgreSQL Database. It basically caters to extend the scope of the work performed by activerecord, in a rather friendly manner. It works on heroku as well. This gem works only on PostgreSQL For working with it, let’s first grab the latest textacular gem from rubygems.org/gems/textacular and add it to the gemfile.

gem 'textacular'
    bundle install

Textacular gem provides us with quite a few methods to search the data. So, all our models have the access to use those methods.

basic_search advanced_search fuzzy_search

Usage: Basic_search: It searches based on the input text.

User.basic_search(‘abc’) # Searches on all the model column attributes

User.basic_search(last_name: 'abc', first_name: 'xyz')

Advanced_search: Here, we can use postgres syntaxes like !, & and | (and, or and, not) and then, some others based on the requirement. It converts user’s search DSL into Pg syntax. For this, we need to make sure that the necessary exceptions should be used to handle the syntax errors.

User.advanced_search(last_name: 'text1|text2’) - It  searches with the text1 or text2 on last_name on User  model.

User.advanced_search(last_name: '!text2’) - It searches for the records whose last_name is not text2.

These searches can be chainable as shown below:

User.advanced_search(last_name: 'text1|text2’).basic_search(last_name: 'abc', first_name: 'xyz')

Fuzzy_search: We need to install pg_trgm module to work with fuzzy_search. Run the command below to install this module. It searches for partial appearance of your text in the DB.

rake textacular:create_trigram_migration  
rake db:migrate

Now, we are ready to use fuzzy_search.


By default, fuzzy search, searches for the records which are 30% of the search text matches with respect to the entire content. We can set this threshold limit by using the command below.

ActiveRecord::Base.connection.execute("SELECT set_limit(0.6);")

So, it expects 60% of search text to match with the original content. We can use OR condition to search on multiple columns. Need to pass a hash with columns with input text as param one and pass second param as a false. It takes AND, if you miss second param or if it True.

User.fuzzy_search({first_name: 'user', last_name: 'test'}, false)

User.fuzzy_search(first_name:user’, last_name: 'test') - It takes AND condition.

By default, the Textacular searches in all text and string columns. We can alter its default behaviour by overriding the searchable_columns method in the model.

def self.searchable_columns
   [:title, :body]

We can override self.searchable_language in the model to set proper dictionary settings.

def self.searchable_language 

Read More : http://www.railscarma.com/blog/technical-articles/how-to-use-textacular-gem-to-search-data-in-your-rails-application/

June 28, 2017
0 thanks

Faker Gem: Fake Data Generation in Ruby

Gems are libraries in Rails that generally enable you to write the application code faster and thereby making a great product in far lesser time. Usually, whenever we start developing any application, there comes a point when we need data which we can use to see how the application will behave while doing some load testing or how it would look when we deploy it to the production. The manual process of creating the data can be daunting. Faker gem serves to take this pain away by generating the fake data just as needed and saving us all the time and effort otherwise wasted in the manual process of data-generation.

It can generate almost any kind of data suitable for our application. For example, it can generate the fake data for fields such as name, email, passwords, phone-numbers, paragraphs, etc. It is therefore, an awesome way of populating the model (which is a database layer in Rails)

Let’s take a look at this gem by creating a sample project. Read More: http://www.railscarma.com/blog/technical-articles/faker-gem-fake-data-generation-ruby/

May 2, 2017
0 thanks

And yet another way to get relative path from absolute globbing

If you execute glob within a block passed to Dir.chdir, you get the paths relative to the directory specified by Dir.chdir… like this…

base_dir = '/path/to/dir'
files = Dir.chdir(base_dir) do
files.first # => 'foo/bar.yml'
March 29, 2017
0 thanks

multiple select has a hidden

It’s unclear if “select_tag” does this but the normal select method also generates a hidden variable if the “multiple” option is set, see http://apidock.com/rails/ActionView/Helpers/FormOptionsHelper/select

March 29, 2017
0 thanks

not submitted even if non-multiple in certain cases.

As a note, just for followers, even if a select is not “multiple” if it is “unselected” (ex: in javascript you can set its value like document.getElementById(‘select_id’).value = ‘a non option’; ). And if that form is submitted, the browser also seems to not send anything about it to the server. So it’s for non-multiples as well, just this case is rare since typically the select will default to its “first value” and then users can only change it another known value, so typically you won’t run into that. This isn’t related to rails but thought I’d mention it.

March 2, 2017
0 thanks


If you pass nil as local file, it doesn’t write the file and only returns the content as string.

March 2, 2017
0 thanks

Converting Hash to Struct in Ruby

With the fact we know about the two, many will perhaps prefer using struct rather than hash. But what we want to focus here is that behind the low performance given by hash, they still can become advantageous. If you can’t use it on its own little way, then convert it into struct so better usability can be achieved.

If you have already defined the struct and you wanted to initiate converting hash to struct, we can help you by using the following methods in a given example below. If you wanted to convert has to a struct in Ruby, let us say for example we have a given of:

h = { :a => 1, :b => 2 }

and want to have a struct such as:

s.a == 1
s.b == 2

To convert, you can do any of these methods: Conversion Method 1:

On this method, the result will appear to be OpenStruct and not specifically as struct:

pry(main)> require 'ostruct'
pry(main)> s = OpenStruct.new(h)
=> #<OpenStruct a=1, b=2>
pry(main)> puts s.a, s.b

Conversion Method 2:

If you have struct defined already and want to start something with a hash, you can follow this:

Person = Struct.new(:first_name, :last_name, :age)

person_hash = { first_name: "Foo", last_name: "Bar", age: 29 }

person =  Person.new(*person_hash.values_at(*Person.members))

=> #<struct Person first_name="Foo", last_name="Bar", age=29>

Conversion Method 3:

Since the hash key order was guaranteed in the Ruby 1.9+, you can follow this:

s = Struct.new(*(k = h.keys)).new(*h.values_at(*k))

The hash to struct conversion example we provided can help, but if you want a more extensive idea, come to professionals for formal assistance. Read More From Here http://www.railscarma.com/blog/technical-articles/guide-converting-hash-struct-ruby/

February 1, 2017 - (v4.1.8 - v4.2.7)
0 thanks

association our data

we can load our data whenever we want.

ActiveRecord::Associations::Preloader.new.preload(@users, :company)
February 1, 2017 - (v4.1.8 - v4.2.7)
0 thanks

Preload our own with out incude

we can preload our data whenever we want.

ActiveRecord::Associations::Preloader.new.preload(@users, :address)
January 24, 2017 - (v4.0.2 - v4.2.7)
0 thanks

How to use belongs_to in Ruby on Rails

Rails 4: Let’s assume we have two models Movie and Actor. Actor has many movies and Movie belongs to Actor. In most of the cases, the developers used to validate the foreign key actor_id is present or not. In this case, it will not validate actor model as to whether the entered actor id exists or not. It is just like attribute validation which always validates that the fields should be non-empty when submitting the form.

Validation with foreign key:
class Movie < ApplicationRecord
belongs_to :actor
validates :actor_id, presence: true

class Movie < ApplicationRecord
belongs_to :actor
validates :actor_id, presence: true

class Actor < ApplicationRecord
has_many :movies, dependent: :destroy

class Actor < ApplicationRecord
has_many :movies, dependent: :destroy

The scenario above, validates actor id presence or not like normal attribute presence validator.

Ex: Actor.create(title:abc”).
=> {id: 1, title: 'abc'}
m = Movie.new(title:ok ok”, actor_id: 111)
=> m.valid? => true
=> Actor.find(111)
ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound: Couldn't find Actor with 'id'=111

Ex: Actor.create(title: “abc”).
=> {id: 1, title: 'abc'}
m = Movie.new(title: “ok ok”, actor_id: 111)
=> m.valid? => true
=> Actor.find(111)
ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound: Couldn't find Actor with  'id'=111

We can still save the movie record without valid actor.

With associations

class Movie < ApplicationRecord
belongs_to :actor
validates :actor, presence: true

class Movie < ApplicationRecord
belongs_to :actor
validates :actor, presence: true


class Movie < ApplicationRecord
belongs_to :actor, required: true

class Movie < ApplicationRecord
belongs_to :actor, required: true

class Actor < ApplicationRecord
has_many :movies, dependent: :destroy

class Actor < ApplicationRecord
has_many :movies, dependent: :destroy

Ex: Actor.create(title:abc”).
==> {id: 1, title: 'abc'}
m = Movie.new(title:ok ok”, actor_id: 111)
==> m.valid? => false
==> m.errors.full_messages, ['Actor can't be blank']

Ex: Actor.create(title:abc”).
==> {id: 1, title: 'abc'}
m = Movie.new(title:ok ok”, actor_id: 111)
==> m.valid? => false
==> m.errors.full_messages, ['Actor can't be blank']

In this case, it will always validate whether the entered actor exists or not. In case of an invalid actor it throws error to you. This is the best practise to make your associations. It always checks for the associated object exists or not.

Rails5 From rails5 these validations were added by default. It validates association object should be present when you define belongs_to associations.

Release notes http://guides.rubyonrails.org/5_0_release_notes.html(belongs_to will now trigger a validation error by default if the association is not present.)

We can opt out of this feature completely from the application by setting config opton in initializer file.



Rails.application.config.active_record.belongs_to_required_by_default = false Rails.application.config.active_record.belongs_to_required_by_default = false

This initializer file is present in rails5 application only. Need to add this initializer file manually when you migrate from older version of your rails application and make necessary changes.

class Post < ApplicationRecord
has_many :comments, dependent: :destroy	

class Post < ApplicationRecord
has_many :comments, dependent: :destroy	

class Comment < ApplicationRecord
belongs_to :post

class Comment < ApplicationRecord
belongs_to :post

c = Comment.create(title:awesome post”)
=>Post must exist”

c = Comment.create(title:awesome post”)
=>Post must exist”

We can not create any comment record without an associated record.

We can opt out this default behaviour by setting

belongs_to :post, optional: true
belongs_to :post, optional: true
c = Comment.create(title:awesome post”)
c = Comment.create(title:awesome post”)
=> <Comment id: 1, title:awesome post”, post_id: nil>


January 16, 2017
0 thanks

Sort Integers

ruby 2.3.1p112 (2016-04-26 revision 54768) [x86_64-darwin16]

Sort From Greatest to Smallest

>> [1, 2, 3, 4].sort { |a, z| z <=> a }
=> [4, 3, 2, 1]
January 5, 2017
0 thanks

Clarifying the confusing example

since exit is a keyword in Ruby, the example may be confusing. The following example might be less so:

module Foo
    # this raises an error b/c baz is not defined here
    alias_method :other_baz, :baz
  rescue NameError =>e
    puts e

  def baz
    puts "first baz called"

  # now that baz method is defined, we can define an alias
  alias_method :other_baz, :baz

  # we can now overwrite baz.
  # If we want the original baz, use the alias we just defined
  def baz
    puts "second baz called"

  def qux
    puts "qux called"
  alias_method :bar, :qux


include Foo

# calls the second baz method, b/c it overwrites the first
baz #=> "second baz called"
# calls the first baz method, due to the alias_method making a copy
other_baz #=> "first baz called"
bar #=> "qux called"
qux #=> "qux called"

The resulting output is:

undefined method `baz' for module `Foo'
second baz called
first baz called
qux called
qux called
December 30, 2016
0 thanks

Used within collection_check_boxes

Note the checked: option.

  = collection_check_boxes(:ahj_types, :ids, AhjType.order(:TypeName), :AHJTypeID, :TypeName) do |b|
      %td{style: 'padding: 0 1em;'}
        = b.label(class: "check_box")
      %td{style: 'padding: 0 1em;'}
        = b.check_box(class: "check_box", checked: (params[:ahj_types][:ids].member?(b.value.to_s)))
December 15, 2016
0 thanks

Rails caching with dalli gem

Dalli is a high performance pure Ruby client for accessing memcached servers. It works with memcached 1.4+ only, as it uses the newer binary protocol.

Memcache Memcached is a quick in-memory protest reserving framework that can make Rails run much quicker with not very many changes. Memcached is an in-memory key-value store for little pieces of discretionary information (strings, objects) from consequences of database calls, API calls, or page rendering.

Run the command below to install memcached On Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install memcached

On Mac

brew install memcached

Please refer the URL below to know more about installing memcahed


Install dalli gem
gem 'dalli'

Add the gem above to your gemfile and run bundle install.

Configuration Here, we have to configure our rails app to serve caching mechanisam. Add below line to the production.rb(config/environments/production.rb)

config.cache_store = :dalli_store

Dalli::Client accepts the following options. All times are in seconds.

expires_in: Global default for key TTL. Default is 0, which means no expiry. namespace: By default, it is nil. It’s prepend to each key if you specify namespace. failover: Default is true. Boolean, if true, Dalli will failover to another working server if the main server for a key is down. threadsafe: Boolean. If true, Dalli ensures that only one thread is using a socket at a specified given time. Default is true. serializer: The serializer to use for objects being stored (ex. JSON). Default is Marshal. compress: Boolean, if true Dalli will gzip-compress values larger than 1K. Default is false. compression_min_size: Minimum value byte size for which to attempt compression. Default is 1K. compression_max_size: Maximum value byte size for which to attempt compression. Default is unlimited. Please check more configations at


After this, we have to tell ActionController to perform caching. Add the line below to the same file and restart Rails server if you are already running it.

config.action_controller.perform_caching = true

Please add the code below to your index method

@posts = Rails.cache.fetch('posts', expires_in:  5.minutes){

Here, Rails.catche.fetch reads the data from ‘posts’ key. If the specified key has any data, it will return data otherwise it will write to that key and it will be available for successive calls within the expiry time.

Rails provides helpers such as Rails.cache.read to read the cache, Rails.cache.write to write in the cache and Rails.cache.fetch to return the results if present in the cache or else, write in the cache to return the results.

You can read more about Rails cache at


Rails.cache.clear()Flushing all the keys from  memcached.
Rails.cache.delete(‘posts’)If you wish to flush any  specific key from memcached server.


December 9, 2016
0 thanks

dealing with semicolon

Use tag! method if you have semicolon, for example:

xml.tag!(“atom:link”, “href”=>“http://rubyplus.com/episodes.rss”, “rel”=>“self”, “type”=>“application/rss+xml”)

December 2, 2016
0 thanks

Code Refactoring Gem – Flay

Flay examines code for structural likenesses. Differences in literal values, variable, class, method names, whitespace, programming style, braces vs do/end, props versus do/end, and so forth are all overlooked,making this absolutely rad. It’s fit for recognizing both correct and close matches, and does in certainty discover a few spots in Active Record where patterns repeat. In its current state, Flay’s output is very primitive: a list of repeated code nodes, together with a weight to rank them by and line numbers and file names where the repeated code appears. Code that flay reports as comparative is a decent possibility tool for refactoring.

Command to install

sudo gem install flay

Command to see output

CdPath to your project folder”

flaypath of the folder”

Eg : flay ./app/controllers - Identifies the code duplication in all the controllers.

flay ./app - Identifies the code duplication in entire project

flay ./app/controllers/example_controler.rb - Identifies the code duplication in specified controller.

Example of Output An output is generated of the code duplicated areas like this:

sridevi@carmatec-MS-7788$ flay ./app/models/*.rb
Total score (lower is better) = 1666

1) Similar code found in :call (mass = 170)

2) Similar code found in :defs (mass = 154)

3) Similar code found in :defs (mass = 138)

4) Similar code found in :call (mass = 136)

5) IDENTICAL code found in :defn (mass*2 = 128)

6) IDENTICAL code found in :defn (mass*2 = 120)

The total app score of 1666 (‘lower is better’ advice holds true) can be viewed in its individual components showing areas that provide the most bang for the buck. For experienced developers operating on their own or in a small team Flay may be unnecessary. However, on larger projects (as the one I ran it on) or those with beginner or intermediate programmers it can help increase the maintainability of your codebase. http://www.railscarma.com/blog/technical-articles/code-refactoring-gem-flay/

December 1, 2016
0 thanks
November 28, 2016
0 thanks

Track Changes To Your Model’s Data with Paper Trail Gem

Paper trail lets us track all the changes in the models data for the purpose of its editing and versioning. By using this gem, we can see how a model looks, at every stage of its life-cycle and we can take it back to any version of the model data and we can even undo all the changes after a record has been destroyed so as to restore it completely.

gempaper_trail’ run bundle install to install it

After bundle install you can run the following command for adding versions table to your database

bundle exec rails generate paper_trail:install

bundle exec rake db:migrate

Add has_paper_trail method to your models for tracking.

class Product < ActiveRecord::Base


If you are using a current_user method then you can track who is responsible for particular change by the below callback

class ApplicationController

before_action :set_paper_trail_whodunnit end

Features of paper trail gem

It stores each and every change happened in the model  like create, update and destroy
It does not store any updates unless if any modifications
It allows you to get every version including the actual and even once destroyed

Basic Usage

Now you have a versions method which returns all the changes in particular model

product = Product.find 2


# [<PaperTrail::Version>, <PaperTrail::Version>, ...]

Based on the vesrion you can find the changes that happened in a model

v = product.versions.last

   v.event # it returns update / create / destroy
   v.whodunnit #it returns a user id who did this
   v.reify the poduct as it was before the update

you can navigate versions by using previous_version and next_version methods

product = product.previous_version

   product = product.next_version #it returns nil if there is no object

   product.versions.last.whodunnit #it returns the user who did the particular change

For More Read From Here : http://www.railscarma.com/blog/technical-articles/track-changes-models-data-paper-trail-gem/

November 16, 2016
0 thanks

Ruby Developers

How to create a Ruby Gem Ruby Gems or “gem” is a package manager for the Ruby programming language that provides a standard format for distributing Ruby programs and libraries. It is easy to manage and install to your system and it can be used by various rails applications development.

Every RoR developer might have customised a gem at least once in his career, but not each one of them has actually, created a gem. Here, I am going to give a basic idea about how to create a new gem and how to publish it.

Kick off Before starting please make sure that you are using the latest ruby version. RVM is really useful in this case;

How to name your Gem Don’t blindly give a random name to your gem. Please take care of the following; Every dash represents a structure (folder, module) immersion Every underscore represents a joining in the class name

Some examples:

gem new_test_gem

  module/class NewTestGem


gem gem-structure-new_test_gem

  module/class Gem::Structure::NewTestGem

How to create your Gem To create a gem; $ bundle gem new_test_gem It will create some basic files and directories.

Where to add your code or job Your beautiful code goes here

# lib/new_test_gem.rb

Once you have added your code into the lib file then you will have to update the gemspec file;

# new_test_gem.gemspec

For Complete details go through this link => http://www.railscarma.com/blog/technical-articles/how-to-create-a-ruby-gem/

November 11, 2016
0 thanks

Examples corrected

I have documented this method clearly with corrections to the examples shown in this page on my blog: http://www.rubyplus.net/2016/11/aliasmethod-in-ruby.html

November 8, 2016
0 thanks

Ways of Handling PayPal Refunds in Rails

PayPal Checkout includes payment solutions ranging from simple to robust that let the merchants as well as developers choose an integration option that can be the best-suited for their website and customers. In order to integrate Paypal Payment Gateway, we need to do the following:

  1. Have a PayPal business or Premier account.

  2. Create a PayPal app and get an access token. When we create a PayPal app, PayPal generates a set of OAuth client_id and secret keys for the application. PayPal generates these keys for both the PayPal sandbox and Live environments. To get an access token, pass the client-id:secret credentials in the Authorization header. We use the access token for authentication when we make REST API requests.

  3. To perform an end-to-end test of our Express Checkout with In-Context integration, create both merchant and buyer accounts in the PayPal sandbox environment.

www.sandbox.paypal.com/in/webapps/mpp/home Merchant : Select the Business account type and enter an email address and password. Buyer : Select the Personal account type and enter a high PayPal balance, such as 5000.

Once we create Paypal sandbox account then click on the “Profile” link for that account, look under the tab “API Credentials”. We will have the following information;

Paypal API Username
Paypal API Signature
Paypal API Password

Note: When we are ready to go live we would just use the credentials from our real paypal account instead of the ones from our sandbox account. The credentials can be found in the “My Profile” area under the left hand tab “My Selling Tools” under the option “API access”

How to handle Paypal refunds in Rails:

Method 1:

Paypal Rest API;

For more complex merchant sites, direct calls to PayPal APIs for an Express Checkout integration may be a more appropriate integration. REST APIs — We can develop an Express Checkout integration using PayPal REST APIs.

To integrate the Express Checkout with In-Context flow; developer.paypal.com/docs/api/ OR PayPal REST API Ruby SDK (paypal-sdk-rest gem): The PayPal REST SDK provides Ruby APIs to create, process and manage payment.

Installation: Add the gem our application, in Gemfile:

gem 'paypal-sdk-rest'

And then execute:

$ bundle install


rails g paypal:sdk:install

Refunds a transaction: Any transaction we can issue a refund (Both direct and captured payments):

Refund a completed direct payment (sale)
Refund an authorized and captured payment (capture)

Refund a completed payment (sale): If we must refund a completed payment, or sale, provide the sale id given to us in response to a completed payment along with an empty JSON payload for a full refund and for partial refunds, we can instead include an amount object in the JSON payload.

curl -v https://api.sandbox.paypal.com/v1/payments /sale/CARMAXYZC6136044L/refund \
-H "Content-Type:application/json" \
-H "Authorization: Bearer Access-Token" \
-d '{}'

Note: We should substitute all call-specific parameters, such as tokens and IDs, with our own. Response state of the refund:

pending- The refund is pending.
completed- The refund has successfully completed.
failed- The refund failed.

Refund a captured payment; We can also refund a captured payment: API:


Note: We must provide an amount object for both full and partial refunds.

curl -v https://api.sandbox.paypal.com/v1/payments/capture/CARMAXYZC6136044L/refund \
-H "Content-Type:application/json" \
-H "Authorization: Bearer Access-Token" \
-d '{
"currency": "USD",
"total": "50.54"
"description": "This is the capture refund description."

Reference: https://developer.paypal.com

Method 2:

Paypal refund by using Active Merchant Gem:

ActiveMerchant Integration: http://railscasts.com/episodes/145-integrating-active-merchant

In our Application;


config.after_initialize do

ActiveMerchant::Billing::Base.mode = :test
::GATEWAY = ActiveMerchant::Billing::PaypalGateway.new(
:login => "seller_1229899173_biz_api1.xyz.com",
:password => "FXWU58S7KXFC6HBE",
:signature =>AGjv6SW.mTiKxtkm6L9DcSUCUgePAUDQ3L- kTdszkPG8mRfjaRZDYtSu"



Refunds a transaction: Take a look into paypal_common_api.rb file in Active Merchant Gem;

  1. For a full refund pass nil for the amount:

gateway.refund nil, 'CARMAXYZC6136044L'

This will automatically make the :refund_type be “Full”.

  1. For a partial refund just pass the amount as usual:

gateway.refund 100, 'CARMAXYZC6136044L'
def refund(money, identification, options = {})
commit 'RefundTransaction', build_refund_request(money,  identification, options)


Gateway.refund(nil,'CARMAXYZC6136044L') => Full Refund.

Gateway.refund(798,'CARMAXYZC6136044L') => Partial Refund.

Reference: http://www.rubydoc.info/github/Shopify/active_merchant/ActiveMerchant/Billing/PaypalCommonAPI

Method3: Read More From Here==> http://www.railscarma.com/blog/technical-articles/ways-handling-paypal-refunds-rails/

October 27, 2016 - (<= v3.2.13)
1 thank

An example, with expiration time set


Rails.cache.fetch("out_of_stock_products", :expires_in => 5.minutes) do
  Product.all.joins(:inventory).conditions.where("inventory.quantity = 0")
October 17, 2016
0 thanks

How to generate & add sitemap to your Rails Application

Generate Sitemap: Required Gem: Sitemap generator:- github.com/kjvarga/sitemap_generator

SitemapGenerator is the easiest way to generate Sitemaps in Ruby. Rails integration provides access to the Rails route helpers within our sitemap config file and automatically makes the rake tasks available to us. Or if we prefer to use another framework, we can! We can use the rake tasks provided or run our sitemap configs as plain ruby scripts.

Sitemaps XML format:

The Sitemap protocol format consists of XML tags. All data values in a Sitemap must be entity-escaped. The file itself must be UTF-8 encoded.

The Sitemap must: Begin with an opening <urlset> tag and end with a closing </urlset> tag. Specify the namespace (protocol standard) within the <urlset> tag. Include a <url> entry for each URL, as a parent XML tag. Include a <loc> child entry for each <url> parent tag.

All other tags are optional. Also, all URLs in a Sitemap must be from a single host, such as www.xyz.com or estore.xyz.com. For more details: http://www.sitemaps.org/protocol.html

How to add a sitemap to a Rails app:

1, View for your sitemap:

# app/views/mysitemap/index.xml.erb

2, At your Controller: Let it be our object in view is @articles variable. It needs to get that from a mysitemap controller:

# app/controllers /mysitemap_controller.rb
MysitemapController <  ApplicationController
 layout nil
  def index
 headers['Content-Type'] =  'application/xml'
respond_to do |format|
 format.xml {@articles =  Article.all}

3, Add a route:

# config/routes.rb
get 'sitemap.xml', :to =>  'sitemap#index', :defaults =>  {:format  => 'xml'}

How to convert XML file to HTML: Read From Here http://goo.gl/Vp3chb

October 3, 2016
0 thanks

How To Generate a Swagger Docs For Rails API

Making API for a Rails application is simple for a Ruby on Rails developer. In any case, how different clients/customers will know whether the API is working fine or not without a customer side application. Is there any answer for this which I can report for API inside the Rails application, The answer is yes we have numerous instruments and methodologies however I would favor swagger UI.

In this article I am going to disclose how to make Rails API documentation using swagger UI.

Prerequisites:- I am going to use one sample posts application which serves API calls.

Gem:- To Integrate swagger UI for Rails API I am using a gem called swagger-docs. Add this gem to your Gemfile in your application and do bundle install.

Swagger initializer file:- After bundling the gem create an initializer in config/initializers(e.g. swagger.rb) and specify the following options:

#File config/initializers/swagger.rb


"1.0" => {

# the extension used for the API

:api_extension_type => :json,

# the output location where your .json files are written  to

:api_file_path => "public/apidocs",

# the URL base path to your API

:base_path => "http://localhost:3000",

# if you want to delete all .json files at each generation

:clean_directory => true,

# add custom attributes to api-docs

:attributes => {

:info => {

"title" => "Your application title",

"description" => "Rails API documention with Swagger UI.",

"termsOfServiceUrl" => "",

"contact" => ""





Refer below url for the list of configarations


swagger_controller and swagger_API are helpers to provide swagger UI documentation.

module Api

module V1

class PostsController < ApplicationController

respond_to :json

swagger_controller :posts, 'Post Controller'

swagger_api :create do

summary 'Creating posts'

notes 'Should be used for creating posts'

param :form, 'post[name]', :string, :required, 'name'

param :form, 'post[publish]', :boolean, :required, 'publish'


swagger_api :index do

summary 'Get all the posts'

notes 'Should be used for fetching all posts'

param :header, :Authoraization, :string, :required, 'Authoraization'

response :unauthorized

response :ok, "Success"


swagger_api :show do

summary 'Get all the posts'

notes 'Should be used for fetching a post'

param :path, :id, :string, :id

response :unauthorized

response :ok, "Success"


swagger_api :destroy do

summary 'Destroy the post'

notes 'Should be used for destroying a post'

param :path, :id, :string, :id

response :unauthorized

response :ok, "Success"





Read More From Here http://goo.gl/dMVHon

September 23, 2016 - (v3.2.3 - v4.0.2)
0 thanks

Usage of SQL and NoSQL Databases in single rails application(MySQL, PostgreSQL and MongoDB)

There are distinctive reasons why you should think about having various databases in your Ruby on Rails application. In my situation, I expected to store large quantities of data.

Consider default database is MySQL. In our application database.yml file write connections for MySQL in normal way. After that, for connecting postgresql in the same application we need to create custom files.

Create the custom database files to connect postgresql

We’re going to set up a second database called “Stats”

First of all, create the file config/database_stats.yml and populate it as you do with the primary database’s config file.

Your file will look something like this:

adapter: postgresql
encoding: utf8
reconnect: false
database: db_info_development
pool: 5
host: localhost
username: postgres

We’re now going to create a directory that will hold the schema and all the migrations of the Stats database.

Create directory with name db_stats in the rails root and copy the structure as mentioned below


The created files should be empty.

Add Rake Tasks

For handling stats database, we need to write custom tasks for creation, migrations and other functionalities.

Create a file lib/tasks/db_stats.rake with the below content

namespace :stats do

namespace :db do |ns|

task :drop do

task :create do

task :setup do

task :migrate do

task :rollback do

task :seed do

task :version do

namespace :schema do
task :load do

task :dump do

namespace :test do
task :prepare do

# append and prepend proper tasks to all the tasks as defined above

ns.tasks.each do |task|
task.enhance [“stats:set_custom_config”] do

task :set_custom_config do

# save current vars

@original_config = {
env_schema: ENV[‘SCHEMA’],
config: Rails.application.config.dup

# set config variables for custom database

ENV[‘SCHEMA’] =db_stats/schema.rb”
Rails.application.config.paths[‘db’] = [“db_stats”]
Rails.application.config.paths[‘db/migrate’] = [“db_stats/migrate”]
Rails.application.config.paths[‘db/seeds’] = [“db_stats/seeds.rb”]
Rails.application.config.paths[‘config/database’] = [“config/database_stats.yml”]

task :revert_to_original_config do
# reset config variables to original values
ENV[‘SCHEMA’] = @original_config[:env_schema]
Rails.application.config = @original_config[:config]

Once all of this setup is done, we can create the stats database and run its first migration:

$ rake stats:db:create
$ rake stats:db:migrate

This will generate the Stats database schema file in db_stats/schema.rb.

Add a custom migration generator We cannot use rails generator because the path hardcodes the db/migrate. Read more From Here http://goo.gl/jVCVRJ

September 13, 2016 - (v3.2.1 - v4.2.7)
0 thanks

Search Kick Gem – To Make Your Search Intelligent On Rails App

Search kick Gem is a Ruby gem that runs on top of Elasticsearch and makes it easy to make searches in a Rails-friendly fashion. In addition, it allows you to add more features including analytics, autocomplete, and personalized results. Searchkick realizes what your users are searching for. As more individuals hunt, it gets more brilliant and the outcomes improve. It’s benevolent for designers – and supernatural for your users. It handles stemming, special characters, extra whitespace, misspellings, custom synonyms. To get started, make sure that you have Elasticsearch installed on your home computer. Depending on your operating system, the installation process is slightly different and make sure you have at least Java 7. Once you have that done, add and install searchick to your Rails application by adding the following to your Gemfile and running bundle install.


When you have both installed and ready to go, you need to indicate which models you might want to be able to search through in your application. Just add searchkick to the model file to make it work. Then, we need to reindex the models so that Elasticsearch can run properly. In your terminal, run:

rake searchkick:reindex:all

Seeking with searchkick is entirely straightforward. Basically run YourModel.search, trailed by the parameters of the search and any filters that you want to add on. For instance, one of more complex searches is below:

 @offers = Offer.search params[:search],
 page: params[:page], per_page: 10,
 order: {starttime: :desc},
 fields: [{offer_name: :word_start}, 
offer_request_name: :word_start}:price],
 where: {
 starttime: {
 gte: DateTime.strptime(params[:fromdate],‘%m/%d%Y’),
 lte: DateTime.strptime(params[:todate],‘%m/%d/%)

In this search, we take the search query of the user with params[:search], and look through of the lessons with the following conditions:

Read More From Here : http://www.railscarma.com/blog/technical-articles/search-kick-gem-to-make-your-search-intelligent-on-rails-app/

September 8, 2016
0 thanks

How to use Acts_As_Votable Gem

Acts_As_Votable is ruby gem specifically written for Rails/ActiveRecord models and This gem allows any model to be voted on upvote/downvote like/dislike, etc. It allows any model to be voted under arbitrary scopes using this gem we can vote any model. votes do not have to come from a user, they can come from any model (such as a Group or Team) and it provide an easy to write/read syntax.

Gem Installation


Add above line in Gemfile and run bundle install

Supported ruby and rails versions

Ruby 1.8.7, 1.9.2, 1.9.3, 2.0.0, 2.1.0
Rails 3.0, 3.1, 3.2, 4.0, 4.1+

This Gem uses vote table to save all voting information. To generate vote migration run below commands

rails generate acts_as_votable:migration
rake db:migrate

To rate any model just use “acts_as_votable” in model


class Article < ActiveRecord::Base

@article = Article.new(:name =>my new article’)

@article.liked_by @user
@article.votes_for.size # => 1

Read More From Here http://goo.gl/emtP8K

September 1, 2016
0 thanks

Previewing Emails in Rails Applications With the Mail_View Gem

Sending an email from an application through a development or staging environment can be cumbersome especially when you want to preview the mail before you hit the send button. With the gem ‘mail_view, you can easily preview emails right from your development environment. Previewing mail is important to ensure that you are sending the right email and to the right person.

Never send a mail in dark anymore with the ‘mail_view gem! Check out more below on how it can be implemented in your application during the development stage.

Rails Email Preview helps us to quickly view the email in web browser in development mode.

  1. Add “gem ‘rails_email_preview’, ‘~> 0.2.29’ “ to gem file and bundle install.

  2. Run “rails g rails_email_preview:install” this creates initializer in config folder and add routes.

  3. Run “rails g rails_email_preview:update_previews” this crates mailer_previews folder in app directory.

Generator will add a stub to each of your emails, then u populate the stub with mock data.


class UserMailerPreview
def invitation
UserMailer.invitation mock_user(‘Alice’), mock_user(‘Bob’)

def welcome
UserMailer.welcome mock_user

def mock_user(name =Bill Gates’)
fake_id User.new(name: name, email:user#{rand 100}@test.com”)

def fake_id(obj)
obj.define_singleton_method(:id) { 123 + rand(100) }
  1. Parameters in search query will be available as an instance variable to preview class.

Ex: if we have a URL like “/emails/user_mailer_preview-welcome?user_id=1” @user_id is defined in welcome method of UserMailerPreview it helps us to send mail to specific user.

class UserMailerPreview
def welcome
user = @user_id ? User.find(@user_id) : mock_user
  1. To access REP url’s like this

  2. We can send emails via REP, this will use environment mailer settings. Uncomment this line in the initializer to disable sending mail in test environment.

    config.enable_send_email = false

References :

  1. github.com/glebm/rails_email_preview

  2. richonrails.com/articles/action-mailer-previews-in-ruby-on-rails-4-1

Read More From Here>>> http://goo.gl/KQBk5S

August 24, 2016
0 thanks

Scheduling Recurring Events with Ice Cube Gem

Ice_cube is a ruby library for effectively taking care of repeated events (schedules). The force lies in the ability to indicate multiple rules, and have ice_cube rapidly make sense of whether the schedule falls on a specific date (.occurs_on?), or what times it happens at (.occurrences, .first, .all_occurrences).

How to get ice cube

For install use the below syntax

gem install

if you want to get the code

gem clone git://github.com/seejohnrun/ice_cube

For creating icecube schedule

schedule = IceCube::Schedule.new
if we want to speciy startdate and enddate we have option to specify in the above mentioned schedule

schedule = IceCube::Schedule.new(start = Time.now, :end_time => start + 600)

Daily schedules

After creating schedule we have an option to add recurrence rule for the above mentioned schedule

consider “schedule every day” on above mentioned time

schedule.add_recurrence_rule IceCube::Rule.daily

consider the same schedule with repeat “n” number of days

schedule.add_recurrence_rule IceCube::Rule.daily(repeat_every_n_days)

in place of repeat_every_n_days you have option to specify the number of days For Weekly Monthly & Hourly You can Read It From Here http://goo.gl/XGmXp1

August 21, 2016
1 thank

Integrate enum with PostgreSQL Enumerated Types

Extract from:


There are 2 things that we need to do before we can use ActiveRecord::Enum with PostgreSQL Enumerated Types: database migration and enum declaration.

First, let’s create the database migration:

$ bundle exec rails generate migration AddGenderToUsers gender:gender

Next, edit the generated migration to add the type:

# db/migrate/20150619131527_add_gender_to_users.rb
class AddGenderToUsers < ActiveRecord::Migration
  def up
    execute <<-SQL
      CREATE TYPE gender AS ENUM ('male', 'female', 'not_sure', 'prefer_not_to_disclose');

    add_column :users, :gender, :gender, index: true

  def down
    remove_column :users, :gender

    execute <<-SQL
      DROP TYPE gender;

Once you’re finished with that, run the migration:

$ bundle exec rake db:migrate

Now, we have completed the database migration. The next step is to declare an enum in the User model. Earlier, we used both the Array and Hash forms to declare an enum. For the integration to work, we need to declare an enum using the Hash form:

# app/models/user.rb
class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  enum gender: {
    male:                   'male',
    female:                 'female',
    not_sure:               'not_sure',
    prefer_not_to_disclose: 'prefer_not_to_disclose'

Finally, we can store ActiveRecord::Enum values using PostgreSQL Enumerated Types. As a bonus, all helper methods provided by ActiveRecord::Enum still work as expected.