Classes in Ruby are first-class objects—each is an instance of class Class.
When a new class is created (typically using class Name ... end), an object of type Class is created and assigned to a global constant (Name in this case). When Name.new is called to create a new object, the new method in Class is run by default. This can be demonstrated by overriding new in Class:
class Class alias oldNew new def new(*args) print "Creating a new ", self.name, "\n" oldNew(*args) end end class Name end n = Name.new
Creating a new Name
Classes, modules, and objects are interrelated. In the diagram that follows, the vertical arrows represent inheritance, and the parentheses meta-classes. All metaclasses are instances of the class `Class'.