Flowdock
method

as_json

Importance_3
Ruby on Rails latest stable (v4.0.2) - 0 notes - Class: ActiveModel::Serializers::JSON
as_json(options = nil) public

Returns a hash representing the model. Some configuration can be passed through options.

The option include_root_in_json controls the top-level behavior of as_json. If true, as_json will emit a single root node named after the object’s type. The default value for include_root_in_json option is false.

user = User.find(1)
user.as_json
# => { "id" => 1, "name" => "Konata Izumi", "age" => 16,
#     "created_at" => "2006/08/01", "awesome" => true}

ActiveRecord::Base.include_root_in_json = true

user.as_json
# => { "user" => { "id" => 1, "name" => "Konata Izumi", "age" => 16,
#                  "created_at" => "2006/08/01", "awesome" => true } }

This behavior can also be achieved by setting the :root option to true as in:

user = User.find(1)
user.as_json(root: true)
# => { "user" => { "id" => 1, "name" => "Konata Izumi", "age" => 16,
#                  "created_at" => "2006/08/01", "awesome" => true } }

Without any options, the returned Hash will include all the model’s attributes.

user = User.find(1)
user.as_json
# => { "id" => 1, "name" => "Konata Izumi", "age" => 16,
#      "created_at" => "2006/08/01", "awesome" => true}

The :only and :except options can be used to limit the attributes included, and work similar to the attributes method.

user.as_json(only: [:id, :name])
# => { "id" => 1, "name" => "Konata Izumi" }

user.as_json(except: [:id, :created_at, :age])
# => { "name" => "Konata Izumi", "awesome" => true }

To include the result of some method calls on the model use :methods:

user.as_json(methods: :permalink)
# => { "id" => 1, "name" => "Konata Izumi", "age" => 16,
#      "created_at" => "2006/08/01", "awesome" => true,
#      "permalink" => "1-konata-izumi" }

To include associations use :include:

user.as_json(include: :posts)
# => { "id" => 1, "name" => "Konata Izumi", "age" => 16,
#      "created_at" => "2006/08/01", "awesome" => true,
#      "posts" => [ { "id" => 1, "author_id" => 1, "title" => "Welcome to the weblog" },
#                   { "id" => 2, "author_id" => 1, "title" => "So I was thinking" } ] }

Second level and higher order associations work as well:

user.as_json(include: { posts: {
                           include: { comments: {
                                          only: :body } },
                           only: :title } })
# => { "id" => 1, "name" => "Konata Izumi", "age" => 16,
#      "created_at" => "2006/08/01", "awesome" => true,
#      "posts" => [ { "comments" => [ { "body" => "1st post!" }, { "body" => "Second!" } ],
#                     "title" => "Welcome to the weblog" },
#                   { "comments" => [ { "body" => "Don't think too hard" } ],
#                     "title" => "So I was thinking" } ] }
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