Class Socket provides access to the underlying operating system socket implementations. It can be used to provide more operating system specific functionality than the protocol-specific socket classes but at the expense of greater complexity. In particular, the class handles addresses using +struct sockaddr+ structures packed into Ruby strings, which can be a joy to manipulate.
Ruby’s implementation of Socket causes an exception to be raised based on the error generated by the system dependent implementation. This is why the methods are documented in a way that isolate Unix-based system exceptions from Windows based exceptions. If more information on particular exception is needed please refer to the Unix manual pages or the Windows WinSock reference.
Programming Ruby from The Pragmatic Bookshelf.
Much material in this documentation is taken with permission from Programming Ruby from The Pragmatic Bookshelf.