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Good notes posted to RSpec

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March 4, 2010 - (>= 1.2.8)
5 thanks

stub_chain is very useful when testing controller code

or any other chained method call type that you’d like to stub, example:

in your controller:

def new
  @user = current_site.users.new
end

in your spec:

it "#new should assign a @user" do 
  u = mock("User")
  controller.stub_chain(:current_site, :users, :new).and_return(u)
  assigns[:user].should == u
end

whereas before you had to stub each chained method call separately:

it "#new should assign a @user" do 
  u = mock("User")
  users = mock("Users collection", :new => u)
  site = mock("Site", :users => users)
  controller.stub!(:current_site).and_return(site)
  assigns[:user].should == u
end

Please note that stub_chain was added to RSpec in version 1.2.6

February 17, 2009
7 thanks

Usage examples

Basic usage:

User.should_receive(:find).with(:all, anything).and_return("hello world")

Now:

User.find(:all, :conditions => "foo")  #=> "hello world"

But you can also use blocks for more complex matching logic. For example:

User.should_receive(:find) { |*args|
  if args.size == 2
    "received two arguments"
  else
    "something else"
  end
}.at_least(:once)

Now:

User.find(:all, :conditions => "bar")  #=> "received two arguments"
User.find(5)                           #=> "something else"

Of course normally you’d return mocks instead of strings.

September 27, 2008
3 thanks

Example using simple_matcher

This is extracted from: http://blog.davidchelimsky.net/2008/6/7/thoughts-on-the-dance-off

Here’s an example:

def be_sorted
  simple_matcher("a sorted list") {|actual| actual.sort == actual}
end
[1,2,3].should be_sorted

The block is handed the actual value. If the block returns true, the expectation passes. If it returns false, it fails with the following message:

expected “a sorted list” but got [1, 3, 2]

If you say [1,2,3].should_not be_sorted you’d get this message instead=:

expected not to get “a sorted list”, but got [1, 2, 3]

As of now, you don’t get any control over the failure message other than the string you pass to the simple_matcher method

August 15, 2008
9 thanks

anything matcher

The anything matcher will match any ruby object:

1.should == anything
nil.should == anything
'string'.should == anything

var.should_receive(:method).with(param1, anything)
August 14, 2008
13 thanks

Testing an options hash receives certain parameters

This method is very useful for testing methods that use the ruby idiom of accepting a hash with configurable options.

class Example
  def self.find(options = {})
    ...
  end
end

We can use hash_including to ensure that certain options are passed in when mocking it.

Example.should_receive(:find).with(hash_including(:conditions => 'some conditions'))

Example.find(:conditions => 'some_conditions', :order => 1)
# => Passes expectation

Example.find(:order => 1)
# => Fails expectation

This can also be used to great effect with the anything matcher. For example:

hash_including(:key => anything)

hash_including(anything => 'value')