Flowdock
method

select

Importance_2
v3.2.3 - Show latest stable - 1 note - Class: ActiveRecord::QueryMethods
select(value = Proc.new) public

Works in two unique ways.

First: takes a block so it can be used just like Array#select.

Model.scoped.select { |m| m.field == value }

This will build an array of objects from the database for the scope, converting them into an array and iterating through them using Array#select.

Second: Modifies the SELECT statement for the query so that only certain fields are retrieved:

>> Model.select(:field)
=> [#<Model field:value>]

Although in the above example it looks as though this method returns an array, it actually returns a relation object and can have other query methods appended to it, such as the other methods in ActiveRecord::QueryMethods.

The argument to the method can also be an array of fields.

>> Model.select([:field, :other_field, :and_one_more])
=> [#<Model field: "value", other_field: "value", and_one_more: "value">]

Any attributes that do not have fields retrieved by a select will raise a ActiveModel::MissingAttributeError when the getter method for that attribute is used:

>> Model.select(:field).first.other_field
=> ActiveModel::MissingAttributeError: missing attribute: other_field
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November 24, 2014
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Arguments for .select must be array

Model.select(:field, :other_field, :and_one_more) has a typo. It must take an array of arguments as the description states:

Model.select([:field, :other_field, :and_one_more])