Flowdock
method

validates_length_of

Importance_4
validates_length_of(*attrs) public

Validates that the specified attribute matches the length restrictions supplied. Only one option can be used at a time:

  class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
    validates_length_of :first_name, :maximum=>30
    validates_length_of :last_name, :maximum=>30, :message=>"less than {{count}} if you don't mind"
    validates_length_of :fax, :in => 7..32, :allow_nil => true
    validates_length_of :phone, :in => 7..32, :allow_blank => true
    validates_length_of :user_name, :within => 6..20, :too_long => "pick a shorter name", :too_short => "pick a longer name"
    validates_length_of :fav_bra_size, :minimum => 1, :too_short => "please enter at least {{count}} character"
    validates_length_of :smurf_leader, :is => 4, :message => "papa is spelled with {{count}} characters... don't play me."
    validates_length_of :essay, :minimum => 100, :too_short => "Your essay must be at least {{count}} words."), :tokenizer => lambda {|str| str.scan(/\w+/) }
  end

Configuration options:

  • :minimum - The minimum size of the attribute.
  • :maximum - The maximum size of the attribute.
  • :is - The exact size of the attribute.
  • :within - A range specifying the minimum and maximum size of the attribute.
  • :in - A synonym(or alias) for :within.
  • :allow_nil - Attribute may be nil; skip validation.
  • :allow_blank - Attribute may be blank; skip validation.
  • :too_long - The error message if the attribute goes over the maximum (default is: "is too long (maximum is {{count}} characters)").
  • :too_short - The error message if the attribute goes under the minimum (default is: "is too short (min is {{count}} characters)").
  • :wrong_length - The error message if using the :is method and the attribute is the wrong size (default is: "is the wrong length (should be {{count}} characters)").
  • :message - The error message to use for a :minimum, :maximum, or :is violation. An alias of the appropriate too_long/too_short/wrong_length message.
  • :on - Specifies when this validation is active (default is :save, other options :create, :update).
  • :if - Specifies a method, proc or string to call to determine if the validation should occur (e.g. :if =&gt; :allow_validation, or :if =&gt; Proc.new { |user| user.signup_step &gt; 2 }). The method, proc or string should return or evaluate to a true or false value.
  • :unless - Specifies a method, proc or string to call to determine if the validation should not occur (e.g. :unless =&gt; :skip_validation, or :unless =&gt; Proc.new { |user| user.signup_step &lt;= 2 }). The method, proc or string should return or evaluate to a true or false value.
  • :tokenizer - Specifies how to split up the attribute string. (e.g. :tokenizer =&gt; lambda {|str| str.scan(/\w+/)} to count words as in above example.) Defaults to lambda{ |value| value.split(//) } which counts individual characters.
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March 13, 2010
3 thanks

Can be used with has_many associations

You can also use this to validate that a has_many association has a specified number of records on the other end:

has_many :members

validates_length_of :members, :minimum => 1