Flowdock

Notes posted to Ruby on Rails

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September 23, 2008 - (v1.2.0 - v2.1.0)
1 thank

Description copied from Rails 2.0

Extracts an excerpt from text that matches the first instance of phrase. The radius expands the excerpt on each side of the first occurrence of phrase by the number of characters defined in radius (which defaults to 100). If the excerpt radius overflows the beginning or end of the text, then the excerpt_string will be prepended/appended accordingly. If the phrase isn‘t found, nil is returned.

Examples

excerpt('This is an example', 'an', 5)
# => "...s is an examp..."

excerpt('This is an example', 'is', 5)
# => "This is an..."

excerpt('This is an example', 'is')
# => "This is an example"

excerpt('This next thing is an example', 'ex', 2)
# => "...next t..."

excerpt('This is also an example', 'an', 8, '<chop> ')
# => "<chop> is also an example"
September 23, 2008
1 thank

Assert empty option in select tag

assert_tag :tag => “select”, :attributes => {:id => “to_airport_id”},

:child => {:tag => "option", :attributes => {:value => ""}, :content => "--select--"},
:children => {:count => 4}
September 22, 2008
0 thanks

Different Options

The docs don’t give any detail to what options are available, so I dug around and I think the only to options are :prompt and :include_blank

September 21, 2008 - (>= v2.1.0)
0 thanks

Test Example

UserMailerTest Example

class UserMailerTest < ActionMailer::TestCase
  tests UserMailer

  def test_welcome_mail
    user = users(:quentin)

    MyMailer.deliver_welcome_email
    assert !ActionMailer::Base.deliveries.empty?

    sent = ActionMailer::Base.deliveries.first
    assert_equal [@user.email], sent.to
    assert_equalexpected subject”, sent.subject
    assert sent.body =~ /^Welcome to my App/
    assert sent.body =~ /^Username: #{@user.login}$/
    assert sent.body =~ /^Password: [a-z0-9]{10}$/i
  end
end

This example is a modified version of the one in this blog post:

http://sablog.com/archives/2006/03/14/how-to-test-actionmailer-in-ruby-on-rails

September 21, 2008
1 thank

resourceful

auto_discovery_link_tag :atom, movies_url(:format=>‘atom’), :title=>‘New movies’

to produce the feed:

respond_to do |wants|
  wants.html
  wants.atom {render :action=>'index',:layout=>false}
end
September 19, 2008 - (v2.1.0)
3 thanks

:expires_in option

If you need :expires_in functionality in Rails 2.1, you can use this plugin:

http://github.com/nickpad/rails-caches-action-patch/tree/master

September 18, 2008
1 thank

unobstrusive label tag

just use

label_tag('a_a','a_a') 

and it works, just not ment for pure decorative labels :)

September 17, 2008
4 thanks

Turn layout off with render

Thats awkward, but the code below does not turn layout off:

render :action => "short_goal", :layout => nil

you must use false

render :action => "short_goal", :layout => false
September 17, 2008
0 thanks

removes underscores -> do not use for images etc

example

#does not work
label_tag('aa'+image_tag('x_x.gif')) 
September 16, 2008
8 thanks

print standard-looking messages during migration

Within a migration file you can use the say_with_time method to print out informational messages that match the style of standard migration messages. See the say method also.

say_with_time "migrate existing data" do
  # ... execute migration sql ...
end
#=> "-- migrate existing data"
#=> "   -> 0.0299s"
September 16, 2008
1 thank

print standard-looking messages during migration

Within a migration file you can use the say method to print out informational messages that match the style of standard migration messages. The say_with_time method is also pretty great.

say "migrate existing data"
  #=> "-- migrate existing data"
# ... execute migration sql ...
say "updated all records", :subitem
  #=> "   -> updated 5 records"
September 15, 2008
4 thanks

:null => false

To not allow a column to have a NULL value, pass :null => false. Seems silly, but that’s it.

September 15, 2008 - (<= v2.1.0)
8 thanks
September 13, 2008
0 thanks

Examples

Some usages:

Code example

Time.new.months_ago(1) # => Wed Aug 13 10:56:32 -0300 2008

Date.today.month_ago(7) # => Qua, 13 Fev 2008

Time.new.months_ago(1).to_s(:db) # => “2008-08-13 10:57:56”

September 11, 2008 - (v1.2.0 - v2.1.0)
4 thanks

Information on 'ModelName.transaction'

If you are looking for information about:

ModelName.transaction do
  ...
end

or

transaction do
  ...
end

see ActiveRecord::Transactions::ClassMethods

September 11, 2008 - (v1.2.0 - v2.1.0)
4 thanks

Information on 'ModelName.transaction'

If you are looking for information about:

ModelName.transaction do
  ...
end

or

transaction do
  ...
end

see ActiveRecord::Transactions::ClassMethods

September 11, 2008
1 thank

CSS columns

You can also use this in a partial to create blocks of content into columns without setting a fixed height. This one is two columns.

.clear { clear: both;}
.block { float:left;width:200px;}

<div class="block">

<p>Content Item</p>

</div>
<%= cycle("", "<div class=\"clear\"></div>") -%>
September 10, 2008
4 thanks

Be careful with overriding dynamic attribute based finders

don’t try something like this:

class Foo < ActiveRecord::Base
  def self.find_by_bar(*args)
    foo = super(*args)
    raise SomeCustomException unless foo
    foo
  end
end

In newer versions of rails, method_missing defines find_by_bar when you first use it. By calling super, you’re triggering method_missing and overwriting your custom definition! It will work the first time then break! Manually write the call to find!

September 9, 2008 - (<= v2.1.0)
4 thanks

Reset a form

To reset a form easily you can do the following:

page["formid"].reset
September 5, 2008
6 thanks

Custom collection local variable name

Regarding the previous note from hoodow about using :variable_name to create a custom local variable name when rendering a collection with a partial, the argument should be :as instead of :variable_name, so:

render :partial => “video_listing”, :collection => @recommendations, :as => :video

September 5, 2008 - (v1.0.0 - v2.0.3)
3 thanks

This method has moved

To help anyone else looking, this method is now on the ActionView::Template class.

September 4, 2008
5 thanks

Testing protected controllers

When testing controllers which are protected with #authenticate_or_request_with_http_basic this is how you can supply the credentials for a successful login:

@request.env["HTTP_AUTHORIZATION"] = "Basic " + Base64::encode64("username:password")

Must be set before the request is sent through #get or whatever method.

September 3, 2008
1 thank

Creating additional cache stores

This method can be used to create additional cache stores for your application:

# creates a new Memory Store
mem_store = ActiveSupport::Cache.lookup_store
# creates a new MemCache Store
mem_cache_store = ActiveSupport::Cache.lookup_store :mem_cache_store, 'localhost:11212', :namespace => 'other_stuff'

The method takes the same arguments as the cache_store config. For more information about that go to ActionController::Caching.

September 2, 2008
5 thanks

Useful in migrations

The most common usage pattern for this method is probably in a migration, when just after creating a table you want to populate it with some default values, eg:

class CreateJobLevels < ActiveRecord::Migration
  def self.up
    create_table :job_levels do |t|
      t.integer :id
      t.string :name

      t.timestamps
    end

    JobLevel.reset_column_information
    %w{assistant executive manager director}.each do |type|
      JobLevel.create(:name => type)
    end
  end

  def self.down
    drop_table :job_levels
  end
end
September 1, 2008 - (>= v2.1.0)
5 thanks

ActiveRecord::Base.include_root_in_json

From Rails 2.1 onwards, the variable

ActiveRecord::Base.include_root_in_json

affects how the JSON is generated. If this is true (default), then the JSON isn’t like the one above. Instead you’ll get:

konata = User.find(1)
konata.to_json
# => { "user": { "id": 1, "name": "Konata Izumi", "age": 16,
      "created_at": "2006/08/01", "awesome": true}}

(Note the model name is included as a root of the JSON object)

For Rails 2.1 generated projects, you’ll see this in the config/initializers/new_rails_defaults.rb file. You’ll need to set the value to false if you want the old behaviour.

ActiveRecord::Base.include_root_in_json = false
August 29, 2008
10 thanks

Always pass a block

I highly recommend always taking a block and passing it back up the chain if you use alias_method_chain, even if the original method does not. Otherwise you’re keeping anyone later in the chain from adding support for blocks.

http://tech.hickorywind.org/articles/2008/08/29/always-pass-a-block-when-using-alias_method_chain

August 29, 2008
5 thanks

Brazilian Real (R$ 1.200,95)

helper:

def number_to_currency_br(number)
  number_to_currency(number, :unit => "R$ ", :separator => ",", :delimiter => ".")
end
August 28, 2008
9 thanks

Get year to show in descending order (Today to 1920 for example)

The way people think of time start and end would be 1920 to today. This made me think “but I want it show the current year first then down.” Well it’s as simple as swapping the start_year and end_year.

date_select :date, :start_year => Date.current.year, :end_year => 1920

# => 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005 ... 1920
August 28, 2008
3 thanks

Moved to ActiveRecord::Calculations::ClassMethods

It appears that this method has simply been moved to the module ActiveRecord::Calculations::ClassMethods. You can still use the example listed in the docs here, it will simply call the method ActiveRecord::Calculations::ClassMethods#count.