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Provides a number of methods for turning different kinds of containers into a set of option tags.

The collection_select, select and time_zone_select methods take an options parameter, a hash:

  • :include_blank - set to true or a prompt string if the first option element of the select element is a blank. Useful if there is not a default value required for the select element.

    select("post", "category", Post::CATEGORIES, {include_blank: true})
    

    could become:

    <select name="post[category]">
      <option></option>
      <option>joke</option>
      <option>poem</option>
    </select>
    

    Another common case is a select tag for a belongs_to-associated object.

    Example with @post.person_id => 2:

    select("post", "person_id", Person.all.collect {|p| [ p.name, p.id ] }, {include_blank: 'None'})
    

    could become:

    <select name="post[person_id]">
      <option value="">None</option>
      <option value="1">David</option>
      <option value="2" selected="selected">Sam</option>
      <option value="3">Tobias</option>
    </select>
    
  • :prompt - set to true or a prompt string. When the select element doesn’t have a value yet, this prepends an option with a generic prompt – “Please select” – or the given prompt string.

    select("post", "person_id", Person.all.collect {|p| [ p.name, p.id ] }, {prompt: 'Select Person'})
    

    could become:

    <select name="post[person_id]">
      <option value="">Select Person</option>
      <option value="1">David</option>
      <option value="2">Sam</option>
      <option value="3">Tobias</option>
    </select>
    
  • :index - like the other form helpers, select can accept an :index option to manually set the ID used in the resulting output. Unlike other helpers, select expects this option to be in the html_options parameter.

    select("album[]", "genre", %w[rap rock country], {}, { index: nil })
    

    becomes:

    <select name="album[][genre]" id="album__genre">
      <option value="rap">rap</option>
      <option value="rock">rock</option>
      <option value="country">country</option>
    </select>
    
  • :disabled - can be a single value or an array of values that will be disabled options in the final output.

    select("post", "category", Post::CATEGORIES, {disabled: 'restricted'})
    

    could become:

    <select name="post[category]">
      <option></option>
      <option>joke</option>
      <option>poem</option>
      <option disabled="disabled">restricted</option>
    </select>
    

    When used with the collection_select helper, :disabled can also be a Proc that identifies those options that should be disabled.

    collection_select(:post, :category_id, Category.all, :id, :name, {disabled: lambda{|category| category.archived? }})
    

    If the categories “2008 stuff” and “Christmas” return true when the method archived? is called, this would return:

    <select name="post[category_id]">
      <option value="1" disabled="disabled">2008 stuff</option>
      <option value="2" disabled="disabled">Christmas</option>
      <option value="3">Jokes</option>
      <option value="4">Poems</option>
    </select>
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