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April 27, 2013 - (v3.1.0 - v3.2.13)
2 thanks
April 17, 2013
0 thanks

@UnfalseIdeas

What is the purpose of

Hash[one: 1, two: 1]

When you can write

{one: 1, two: 2}

Aren’t you just passing a hash into the [] method?

April 10, 2013 - (v3.2.1 - v3.2.13)
2 thanks

be aware that this writes to tmp/cache

Its supposed to be http caching, but Rails will actually cache the response to whatever you specified as the cache store, *as well*, but only if you specify :public => true. The default is filestore so it will try to write to tmp/cache.

Only a problem if you don’t have the proper permissions set, in that scenario your apache/nginx logs could fill up very quickly with “permission denied errors”

Full explanation is here http://blog.tonycode.com/archives/418

April 4, 2013 - (>= v1.0.0)
0 thanks

increment_by_sql for PG

Note, if you’re using the code below for incrementing by SQL with a Postgres database, it’s not going to like the backticks. Just remove them:

def increment_with_sql!(attribute, by = 1)
  raise ArgumentError("Invalid attribute: #{attribute}") unless attribute_names.include?(attribute.to_s)
  original_value_sql = "CASE WHEN #{attribute} IS NULL THEN 0 ELSE #{attribute} END"
  self.class.update_all("#{attribute} = #{original_value_sql} + #{by.to_i}", "id = #{id}")
  reload
end
April 4, 2013
0 thanks

HTTPS request

Hey, guys!

You have one mistake in example code.

uri = URI('https://secure.example.com/some_path?query=string')

Net::HTTP.start(uri.host, uri.port,
  :use_ssl => uri.scheme == 'https').start do |http|
  request = Net::HTTP::Get.new uri.request_uri

  response = http.request request
end

Here HTTP::start method called twice. This code should look like

Net::HTTP.start(uri.host, uri.port,
  :use_ssl => uri.scheme == 'https') do |http|
  request = Net::HTTP::Get.new uri.request_uri

  response = http.request request
end

It’s work - I checked.

April 2, 2013 - (v1_8_6_287 - v1_9_3_392)
0 thanks

Passing in an Array instead of individual arguments

Pass in array instead of list

h = { "cat" => "feline", "dog" => "canine", "cow" => "bovine" }

keys_i_want = %w(cow cat)

h.values_at(*keys_i_want) #=> ["bovine", "feline"]
April 2, 2013 - (v3.0.0 - v3.2.13)
0 thanks

Use concat insted of joining collection explicitely

concat method will be useful to join the collection object from looping conditions.

arr = ["a", "b", "c"]
content_tag(:ul, :class => 'a class') do
  arr.each do |item|
  concat content_tag(:li, item)
end

And this will generate the html as shown below

<ul class="a class">
  <li>a</li>
  <li>b</li>
  <li>c</li>
</ul>
April 2, 2013 - (v1_9_3_392)
0 thanks

output GBK

‘I am 中国人’.encode(‘gbk’,‘utf-8’)

April 2, 2013
0 thanks

you need kconv

require ‘kconv’

then

“中国人民很行”.toutf8

March 29, 2013
0 thanks
March 29, 2013
0 thanks

Edge case

Have look how #between? handle adge case. It’s different from DateTime’s.

Date.yesterday.between?(Date.yesterday, Date.tomorrow)
=> true

Date.tomorrow.between?(Date.yesterday, Date.tomorrow)
=> true
March 27, 2013 - (>= v3.0.0)
0 thanks

When dealing with has_many through

The non-repeating primary key id must be used with find_in_batches.

  • User has many things

  • User has many socks through things

  • Sock has many things

  • Sock has many users through things

For the sake of argument, assume the first user has two socks and all other users have one sock. There are 1000 users in total and 1001 socks in total.

User.joins(:socks).count
=> 1001
agg = []
# Incorrect
User.joins(:socks).find_in_batches{|g| agg += g}
agg.count
=> 1000

Sock.joins(:users).count
=> 1001
agg = []
# Correct
Sock.joins(:users).find_in_batches{|g| agg += g}
agg.count
=> 1001
March 27, 2013 - (v3.0.0 - v3.2.13)
0 thanks
March 18, 2013
3 thanks

Beware - May cause performance issues

A serialized attribute will always be updated during save, even if it was not changed. (A rails 3 commit explains why: http://github.com/rails/rails/issues/8328#issuecomment-10756812)

Guard save calls with a changed? check to prevent issues.

class Product < ActiveRecord::Base
  serialize :product_data
end

bad

product = Product.first
product.save

good

product = Product.first
product.save if product.changed?
March 13, 2013
1 thank

Another Hash#without

Mange made me think, and I wanted to expand on his example with a small change.

class Hash
  def without(*keys)
    dup.without!(*keys)
  end

  def without!(*keys)
    reject! { |key| keys.include?(key) }
  end
end

h = { :a => 1, :b => 2, :c => 3 }
h.without(:a)      #=> { :b => 2, :c => 3 }
h #=> { :a => 1, :b => 2, :c => 3 }  

h.without(:a, :c)  #=> { :b => 2 }

h.without!(:a, :c) # { :b => 2 }
h #=> { :b => 2 }
March 5, 2013
0 thanks

Minor correction to Rubybull's examples?

Was your first example intended to be:

a=[11,22,31,224,44]
=> [11, 22, 31, 224, 44]
a.each.with_index { |val,index| puts "index: #{index} for #{val}" }
March 5, 2013 - (v3.0.0 - v3.2.8)
0 thanks

Exceptions raised within are ignored.

From http://guides.rubyonrails.org/active_record_validations_callbacks.html

The after_commit and after_rollback callbacks are guaranteed to be called for all models created, updated, or destroyed within a transaction block. If any exceptions are raised within one of these callbacks, they will be ignored so that they don’t interfere with the other callbacks. As such, if your callback code could raise an exception, you’ll need to rescue it and handle it appropriately within the callback.

March 1, 2013
0 thanks

Default field order

If you want to set an app wide default order for the fields (rather than passing :order each time), use the locale file.

eg. edit config/locale/en.yml to include:

en:
  date:
    order: 
      - :day
      - :month
      - :year
February 25, 2013 - (v1_9_3_125)
0 thanks

Using the undef/replace param overwrites the fallback parameter

If you want to provide a fallback Hash / Proc / Object you must not define the :undef and/or replace params since they overwrite the fallback.

How fallback works

fallback = Hash.new { '?' }
fallback["\u2014"] = "-"
"\u2014".encode!("ISO-8859-15", fallback: fallback)
=> "-"

Undef overwrites fallback:

fallback = Hash.new { '?' }
fallback["\u2014"] = "-"
"\u2014".encode!("ISO-8859-15", fallback: fallback, undef: :replace, replace: '?' )
=> "?"
February 25, 2013
0 thanks

Where did this go?

For Ruby 1.9 and later, use Kernel#Array to get this functionality.

February 23, 2013
0 thanks

Modes listed in IO class

See class IO for file open modes

February 22, 2013
0 thanks

Checking content_for

There’s a much simpler way to check if content exists or not, and it’s been provided as example in docs since 05.2010:

module StorageHelper
  def stored_content
    content_for(:storage) || "Your storage is empty"
  end
end

But this behavior was broken with SafeBuffer. You’ll be able to use it again when this issue (github.com/rails/rails/issues/9360) will be fixed and merged with master.

February 20, 2013
0 thanks

It also works with strings

It works with strings:

ActiveRecord::Base.connection.column_exists?('users', 'id')

Which is helpful if you need to specify the database/schema to use:

ActiveRecord::Base.connection.column_exists?('secondary.users', 'id')
February 20, 2013
0 thanks

Freezing Time.now

You’d be much better off using the Timecop gem ( rubygems.org/gems/timecop ) than than manually writing monkey-patches to freeze Time.now etc.

It also supports time travel (i.e. changing the time, but allowing the clock to continue running).

February 14, 2013 - (>= v3.2.8)
1 thank

conditional rescue from does not seem working on Rails 3.2.11

Be careful, conditional rescue_from does not work in Rails 3.2.11

February 8, 2013 - (>= v2.3.8)
0 thanks

The purpose of this method

This method keeps track of whether a hidden id field needs to be created when the form builder is generating fields for a nested model. It gets set to true by #hidden_field when that method is used to create a field named ‘id’.

Here’s an example of what this can be useful for: http://railsforum.com/viewtopic.php?id=39640

February 4, 2013
0 thanks

Your scope cannot be called &#x27;locked&#x27;

will cause intermittent problems of the type

undefined method 'locked' for #<Class:0x007fdab3025298>

Use something like ‘access_locked’ instead

February 3, 2013 - (v1_9_3_125)
0 thanks

How does enum#each_index differ from enum#with_each_index ?

Here is the working one each_with__index:

a=[11,22,31,224,44].each_with_index { |val,index| puts "index: #{index} for #{val}" if val < 30}
  index: 0 for 11
  index: 1 for 22
  => [11, 22, 31, 224, 44]

Below couldn’t produce the output, as with_index couldn’t work on the array.To make it workble, we need to first convert it to enumerator. And that can be done via the help of .to_enum, .each, or .map

a = [11,22,31,224,44].with_index { |val,index| puts "index: #{index} for #{val}" if val < 30}
=>NoMethodError: undefined method `with_index' for [11, 22, 31, 224, 44]:Array
       from (irb):2
       from C:/Ruby193/bin/irb:12:in `<main>'

Here is the working one with_index:

a = [11,22,31,224,44].each.with_index { |val,index| puts "index: #{index} for #{val}" if val < 30}
index: 0 for 11
index: 1 for 22
=> [11, 22, 31, 224, 44]