Flowdock

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November 14, 2014
3 thanks

Opposite of persisted?

So I can find it when I look next time.

November 6, 2014
3 thanks

Find the First Instance in the Table. If None Exists, Create One.

Specify the data you’re looking for. If it exists in the table, the first instance will be returned. If not, then create is called.

If a block is provided, that block will be executed only if a new instance is being created. The block is NOT executed on an existing record.

Code example

MyStat.where(name: statistic_name).first_or_create do |statistic|
  statistic.value = calculate_percentage
  statistic.statistic_type = "percentage"
end
July 23, 2013
3 thanks

Use strings as parameters, not booleans

I just stumbled across this somewhere in our codebase. The first example is faulty, the second one is correct.

= f.check_box :public, {}, true, false
# <input id="event_public" name="event[public]" type="checkbox" value="true" />

and:

= f.check_box :public, {}, "true", "false"
# <input name="event[public]" type="hidden" value="false" />
# <input id="event_public" name="event[public]" type="checkbox" value="true" />
March 18, 2013
3 thanks

Beware - May cause performance issues

A serialized attribute will always be updated during save, even if it was not changed. (A rails 3 commit explains why: http://github.com/rails/rails/issues/8328#issuecomment-10756812)

Guard save calls with a changed? check to prevent issues.

class Product < ActiveRecord::Base
  serialize :product_data
end

bad

product = Product.first
product.save

good

product = Product.first
product.save if product.changed?
August 30, 2012
3 thanks

Usage

In Rails 3.X console:

Rails.application.routes.recognize_path('/my_path')
July 24, 2012
3 thanks

rest of code is in NilClass#try

If you click “Show source” here, you may get confused. The logic for #try is shared between this method and NilClass#try . Both versions are currently implemented in the file activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/object/try.rb .

April 26, 2012
4 thanks
April 25, 2012 - (>= v3.1.0)
6 thanks

HTML5 data- attributes using RESTful approach

HTML5 specifies extensible attributes like data-foo=“bar” (or as in Twitter Bootstrap data-toggle=“modal”), which poses two problems for Rails.

First, if you’re using symbol notation in link_to to specify attributes, this fails (dash is not a valid symbol character), so

Invalid!

link_to "Edit", @user, :class => "btn", :data-toggle => "modal"

There are two solutions:

  1. put the symbols in quotes,

  2. use the special :data hash

Solution 1: Quote Symbols

link_to "Edit", @user, :class => "btn", "data-toggle" => "modal"

Solution 2: Use the :data hash

link_to "Edit", @user, :class => "btn", :data => {:toggle => "modal"}

Resulting HTML

<a href="/users/1" class="btn", data-toggle="modal">Edit</a>

The second is minimally documented, but as a hash, can accept multiple values and is perhaps a little cleaner

March 27, 2012
4 thanks

Makes it possible to use a scope through an association

This is a very useful method if you want to to use a scope through an association:

class Book < ActiveRecord::Base
  scope :available, where(:available => true)
end

class Author < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :books
  scope :with_available_books, joins(:books).merge(Book.available)
end

# Return all authors with at least one available book:
Author.with_available_books

See http://asciicasts.com/episodes/215-advanced-queries-in-rails-3 for more info.

March 27, 2012
4 thanks

Reorder

If you want to override previously set order (even through default_scope), use reorder() instead.

E.g.

User.order('id ASC').reorder('name DESC')

would ignore ordering by id completely

November 11, 2011
3 thanks

Catching and throwing -- don't!

@wiseleyb and @glosakti, neither of your suggestions are necessary, and both are bad practices.

This test:

test "transactions" do
  assert_raises ZeroDivisionError do
    User.transaction do
      1/0
    end
  end
end

passes just fine on its own, with the transaction rolled back as you’d expect. No need to hack something ugly together.

November 6, 2011 - (>= v3.1.0)
3 thanks

Removed in 3.1.x

This method (and #auto_link_urls) has been removed in Rails 3.1 - other options are out there, such as Rinku, however there is a gem you can use for migration purposes etc, which is rails_autolink: http://rubygems.org/gems/rails_autolink

October 19, 2011 - (>= v3.0.0)
3 thanks

Replaced by :on => :create

From rails 3,

before_validation_on_create 

has been removed and replaced with:

before_validation :foo, :on => :create
October 8, 2011
6 thanks

Undocumented :location option

You can use undocumented :location option to override where respond_to sends if resource is valid, e.g. to redirect to products index page instead of a specific product’s page, use:

respond_with(@product, :location => products_url)  
October 7, 2011
3 thanks

How to submit current url

For example to change some kind of param on select change…

<%= form_tag({}, {:method => :get}) do %>
  <%= select_tag :new_locale, options_for_select(I18n.available_locales, I18n.locale), :onchange => "this.form.submit();" %>
<% end %>
June 4, 2011 - (>= v3.0.0)
4 thanks

finding without default scopes in rails 3

if you want to find without default scopes in rails 3 and with_exclusive_scope is giving you protected method errors in controllers, use unscoped for a similar purpose

May 23, 2011 - (>= v3.0.5)
5 thanks

Change to the way the block is handled

At least in 3.0.5, some of the previous examples no longer work: ActionView seems to quietly ignore Array content.

If you were using code of the form

content_tag(:li, nil, :class => 'someClass') {
  arr.collect { |x|
    content_tag(:ul, x)
  }
}

it now needs to look like

content_tag(:li, nil, :class => 'someClass') {
  arr.reduce('') { |c, x|
    c << content_tag(:ul, x)
  }.html_safe
}
March 25, 2011
4 thanks

How to specify :only_path when non-hash options

When passing in an object, as opposed to a hash, you can’t do this because url_for accepts one argument:

url_for(post, :only_path => true)

Instead, do this:

polymorphic_url(object, :routing_type => :path)
March 8, 2011 - (v2.3.8 - v3.0.5)
3 thanks

Dont use _delete

Most blog articles about accepts_nested_attributes_for, including the one from @mattsa and @annaswims, tell you to add a

'_delete' => 1

when you want a deletion checkbox, hidden attribute, etc.

But this stopped being true a while ago. This is just a “Watch Out!” Make sure you use

'_destroy' => 1

instead.

March 3, 2011
8 thanks

Using namespaces

If you are using a namespace in your routes.rb, for example:

namespace :admin do
  resources :products
end

then you can:

url_for([:admin, @product])

and:

url_for([:edit, :admin, @product])
February 22, 2011
5 thanks

Passing arguments to block

To pass arguments to block being captured, just list them as capture method params. I.e.

def export(exportable, export_klass, options={}, &block)
  result = ""
  #...
  if block_given?
    result += capture(my_custom_var_i_want_to_pass_to_block, &block)
  end
  result
end

Then simply…

 <%= export(@a, @b) do |my_custom_var| %>
  <% if my_custom_var.nil? %>
    My custom var is nil!!!
  <% end %>
<% end %>
February 21, 2011 - (>= v3.0.0)
8 thanks

case-insensitive uniqueness

For case-insensitive uniqueness:

validate :username, :uniqueness => {:case_sensitive => false}
February 10, 2011 - (<= v2.3.8)
3 thanks

Undocumented callbacks

Not sure why this isn’t documented… there are callbacks for before/after_add and before/after_remove. Example

has_many :things, :after_add => :set_things, :after_remove => :remove_things

def set_things(thing)
  ...
end
def remove_things(thing)
  ...
end
January 11, 2011
5 thanks

Disable STI

I had to add “self.inheritance_column” as opposed to simply “inheritance_column” to get this to work.

Code example

class MyModel < ActiveRecord::Base
  # disable STI
  self.inheritance_column = :_type_disabled
end
December 10, 2010 - (>= v3.0.0)
3 thanks

complex conditions

If you need add complex conditions you can use this:

Model.where(:foo => 'bar').where(:attr => 1).update_all("author = 'David'")
December 8, 2010 - (>= v3.0.0)
3 thanks

helpers using options for select

You can now add html options to select options by creating a container with items like the following:

Code Example

['display','value',:class => 'option_class']

This will produce:

Code Example

<option value="value" class="option_class">display</option>
November 9, 2010
8 thanks

NOT Equivalent to Array#reject!

@tadman is wrong. There is a difference and, trust me, it can bite:

1.9.2 > [1,2,3,4].delete_if {|x| x > 10}
 => [1, 2, 3, 4] 
1.9.2 > [1,2,3,4].reject! {|x| x > 10}
 => nil 

That is, if reject! hasn’t rejected anything, it returns nil.